It is the first tephritid fruit fly species established in Hawaii. Spinosad against Melon Fruit Fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Diptera: Tephritidae) Aqsa Arshad 1 , Muhammad Ishaque Mastoi 3 , Asim Munawar 1,2 ,* , Samar Sohail 4 Chengjuan Liang 5 , Fazlullah 6 On clay soils is penetrated deep into 13 cm. Agrotechnical methods of struggle include deep plowing, observance of a crop rotation, cultivation of early ripening varieties, hybrids. Need more help? Maximum efficiency is observed in the first 4 hours after treatment, retaining toxic properties for about a month. The melon fruit fly is a cuelure attracted fruit fly. They are actively fighting the parasite in India, Africa, Syria, Turkey, Iraq, and Iran. After exiting the shell, the worm penetrates deep into the fetus. Apply insecticides such as dimethoate (e.g. Why does my head itch if it is clean and without lice? All melon fly traps are checked every 2 weeks by agriculture inspectors to assure our county is free from this destructive pest. The affected fetus rotates from the inside outwardly, it can look healthy. Melon flies have dark patches on the … Variegated flies about 8 mm in size. Suppress male population by using attractants (pheromones) like cue lure    (4-(p-acetoxyphenyl)-2-butanone) or to methyl eugenol (4-allyl-1,2-dimethoxybenzene). Melon Fruit Fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae(Diptera: Tephritidae) MD. Melon fly prefers such cucurbits as watermelon, cantaloupe, pumpkin, squash, and cucumber, but infests other vegetables including tomato, pepper, green bean, and cowpea. All rights reserved. Effective remedies: Fitoverm, Iskra Bio, Mikosan, Aktofit, Biospore. The whole cycle of development in the summer time lasts 8-13 days, in the autumn time is prolonged to 18 days. Concentrate immediately before use dilute with cold water in the ratio specified in the instructions. The melon fly can attack flowers, stem, root tissue, and fruit. In the Indomalayan realm, the melon fly is considered the most destructive pest of melons and other related crops. Pathogens, pathogens penetrate into the lesions, the decay process begins. Fruit flies attack soft, fleshy fruits of a wide variety of fruit and vegetable crops. Fruit flies are serious pests in Hawaii, feeding on hundreds of host plant species. The main pests are larvae of the pine flies. To combat the melon fly, biological, chemical preparations are used. Fruit flies undergo three stages of development before emerging as adults: egg, larva and pupa. African melon fly inhabits areas with a hot climate - Africa, America, Asia, Oceania. Major host plants of Ceratitis cosyra include mango, guava, sour orange, marula, wild custard apple and wild apricot. John L. Capinera, in Handbook of Vegetable Pests, 2001. Ceratitis rosa is recorded from … Oriental fruit fly has been recorded from 315 host plant species in 60 plant families. They can occur from sea level to above 7000 feet elevation. Fruit Fly Management Fruit Flies . These regulations quarantine part of Los Angeles County, CA, because of the melon fruit fly and restrict the interstate movement of regulated articles from the quarantined area. The size is 8 mm. 1991) and the damage caused by fruit fly is the most serious in melon which may be up to 100 percent (Atwal 1993). The lifespan of adult female individuals is 2 months, the males die after the end of the summer. Wild hosts, particularly bitter melon, Mormordica charantia, can be important. The Queensland fruit fly is a similar size but is an overall reddish-brown colour without the patterns on the wing or middle yellow stripe on the back of the thorax. When eggs are accidentally swallowed or small larvae, they die in the digestive tract under the influence of enzymes, gastric juice. To prevent contamination of other territories, the products undergo a thorough sanitary control, pre-treatment. They allow you to get rid of flies as soon as possible. BODIUZZAMAN1, M. AFTAB HOSSAIN2, 1MD. The toxicity of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) has … Damage a melon, a water-melon, cucumbers, a pumpkin, wild cucumbers. For a year under favorable conditions, there are 3 … Chemicals work almost immediately. After the third molt, they leave the fruit, burrow into the ground. It damages about 125 species of crops, among them melon, watermelon, pumpkin, cucumber, papaya, mango, citrus. The melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett), is a very destructive pest of fruits and vegetables, including melons, mangos, peppers, squash, cucumbers, beans, oranges, and peaches. Ask the Doctor. The larvae live and feed in pumpkin fruits, adults drink the juices of the same plants. Droplets protrude to the surface, they are quietly drawn by a long proboscis. The adult fruit fly lives for several … The development of the larva of the melon fly in the egg lasts from 2 days to a week, depending on climatic conditions. Species: Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) Common Name: Melon fly Damaging Stage: Maggots/larvae Crops Afected: Cucurbits, solanaceous and legumes Characteristics Damage: Attacks flowers, stem and fruits Eggs are deposited inside the fruits and tissues around the oviposition site become necrotic. Development of the pupa lasts about 20 days. Journal of Economic Entomology, 61(1), … In Latin it sounds like bactrocera cucurbitae coquillett. The Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis capitata feeds and causes damage to a very wide range of crops. When using insecticides, it is forbidden to spray crops during the flowering phase, less than 20 days before harvest. 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