Next to cotton, jute is the second important fibre crop of India. Jute Cultivation Guide: Jute Cultivation. Bast fibre s are those fibre s which are collected from the bast or skin from the secondary phloem of the plant. Which one of the following is the feature of plantation agriculture? Bangla Tossa special (BTS): Uniform golden or reddish colour, finest texture, very strong, very good lustre, clean cut and well hackled, and completely free from any defects. Jute is a bast fibre, like flax and hemp, and the stems are processed in a similar way. Jute is environmentally friendly as well as being one of the most affordable fibres; jute plants are easy to grow, have a high yield per acre and, unlike cotton, have little need for pesticides and fertilizers. Jute mallow or nalta jute is a species of shrub in the family Malvaceae. JUTE CULITVATION Jute is a rainy season crop, sown from March to May according to rainfall and type of land. (a) Rubber (b) Jute (c) Tomato (d) Coffee (b) Jute 23. In trade and industry, jute and mesta crop together known as raw jute as their uses are almost same. It is produced from flowering plants in the genus Corchorus, which is in the mallow family Malvaceae. Introduction. The jute plant, a native of the Indian subcontinent, is a herbaceous annual growing to a height of around 10 to 12 feet with a central cylindrical stem, and 4- to 6-inch long light green leaves and yellow flowers. It is made of cellulose and lignin plant material. Jute is an amazing fibre - it's incredibly sustainable, it's affordable, it's fast-drying and it's breathable. Jute is a crop of warm and humid climate which is grown in rainfed situation during summer to early rainy season (mid March to end of July). Jute is the second most important vegetable fiber after cotton due to its versatility. Jute: 12: Which type climate is Required : warm & humid: 13: Fibre is obtained from … by retting: Phloem: 14: Jute is a : Parenchymatus fibre. Men have been trying their best to find out substitutes for jute but their efforts have not been so successful. 14. •This type of jute is mainly low quality, hairy and little in length. Incessant researches are being carried out to ensure a beautiful, vibrant and improved life. •These types of jute are considered to be best and finest in quality having strong, bald and lustrous fibres. Almost 85% of the world's jute cultivation is concentrated in the Ganges Delta. The main cotton producing states are Gujarat, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh. About Jute. Raw jute plays an important role in the country’s economy. Jute fabric is a type of textile fiber made from the jute plant. JUTE CULTIVATION 15. Classification of jute according to Geographical distribution in Bangladesh: There are three types of jute according to their quality. i) Hard district: The hard district jute is better than the soft district. It is a natural fibre with golden and silky shine and hence called the Golden Fibre. Introduction of Jute: – Jute is an important natural fibre cash crop just like cotton crop and grows well in hot and moist climate. Cotton is a kharif crop which requires 6 to 8 months to mature. (b) Light grey or reddish excluding dark grey colour, sound clean, good texture, average lustre, clean cut and well hackled, free from any defects. In India, Ganga delta region is excellent for jute cultivation as this region has fertile alluvium soil & favourable temperature along with sufficient rainfall. It is obtained from the bark of jute plants. বাংলাদেশে তুলা উৎপাদনের ইতিহাস ও ধ্বংসের কারণ, Top Listed Textile Blogs and Websites on the Web. Fibres which are obtained from stem or bark of certain vegetable plants, are called bast fibres. It is the crop of hot and humid climate and is exported as goods and as a raw fibre. X-bottoms: Weak, harsh jute but free from tangled jute and stick. Jute is a wonderful crop in the world. Major Jute producing countries in the world: Major producing countries are Bangladesh (Mymensingh, Rangpur, Dhaka, Faridpur, Jessore, Pabna) and India (West Bengal, Cooch Bihar, Tripura, Assam and Orissa). Esparto, a fiber from a grass; Jute, widely used, it is the cheapest fiber after cotton; Flax, produce linen; Indian hemp, the Dogbane used by Native Americans; Hemp, a soft, strong fiber, edible seeds; Hoopvine, also used for barrel hoops and baskets, edible leaves, medicine; Kenaf, the interior of the plant stem is used for its fiber. The important natural fibre with golden and silky shine and hence called golden. 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